Dr. Chris Hobbs is an experienced thyroid specialist and surgeon who treats patients with thyroid lumps and other thyroid diseases. Thyroid nodules are common in Singapore and the incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing.
What is the thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that makes hormones which are released into the bloodstream. These hormones affect cells and tissues in other parts of the body and help them to function normally.
Where is the thyroid gland?
The thyroid gland is at the base of the throat. It is made up of two lobes (each about half the size of a plum). The two lobes lie on either side of your windpipe, with the gland lying just below your Adam’s apple.
What does the thyroid gland do?
The thyroid gland produces two main hormones that are released into the bloodstream:
What do the thyroid hormones do?
Thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) help to control the speed of body processes – your metabolic rate. If too much of the thyroid hormones is released, your body works faster than normal, and you have ‘hyperthyroidism’. This would make you feel overactive and anxious, hungrier than usual, and you would lose weight. However, if too little of the thyroid hormones is produced, your body works slower than normal, and you have ‘hypothyroidism’. In that case, you would feel tired and sluggish, and put on weight easily.